Adult primary liver cancer is a disease in which cancer (malignant) cells start to grow in the tissues of the liver. The liver is one of the largest organs in the body, filling the upper right side of the abdomen and protected by the rib cage. The liver has many functions. It has an important role in making food into energy and also filters and stores blood.
People who have hepatitis B or C (viral infections of the liver) or a disease of the liver called cirrhosis are more likely than other people to get adult primary liver cancer. Primary liver cancer is different from cancer that has spread from another place in the body to the liver.
A doctor should be seen if the following symptoms appear: a hard lump just below the rib cage on the right side where the liver has swollen, discomfort in the upper abdomen on the right side, pain around the right shoulder blade, or yellowing of the skin (jaundice).
If there are symptoms, a doctor may order special x-rays, such as a computed tomographic scan or a liver scan. If a lump is seen on an x-ray, a doctor may use a needle inserted into the abdomen to remove a small amount of tissue from the liver. This procedure is called a needle biopsy, and a doctor usually will use an x-ray for guidance. The doctor will have the tissue looked at under a microscope to see if there are any cancer cells. Before the test, a patient will be given a local anesthetic (a drug that causes loss of feeling for a short period of time) in the area so that no pain is felt.
A doctor may also want to look at the liver with an instrument called a laparoscope's, which is a small tube-shaped instrument with a light on the end. For this test, a small cut is made in the abdomen so that the laparoscope's can be inserted. The doctor may also take a small piece of tissue (biopsy specimen) during the laparoscope's and look at it under the microscope to see if there are any cancer cells. An anesthetic will be given so no pain is felt.
A doctor may also order an examination called an angiography's. During this examination, a tube (catheter) is inserted into the main blood vessel that takes blood to the liver. Dye is then injected through the tube so that the blood vessels in the liver can be seen on an x-ray. Angiography's can help a doctor tell whether the cancer is primary liver cancer or cancer that has spread from another part of the body. This test is usually done in the hospital.
Certain blood tests (such as alpha-fetoprotein, or AFP) may also help a doctor diagnose primary liver cancer.
The chance of recovery (prognosis) and choice of treatment depend on the stage of the cancer (whether it is just in the liver or has spread to other places) and the patient's general state of health.
Adult Primary Liver Cancer Stages :
Once adult primary liver cancer is found, more tests will be done to find out if the cancer cells have spread to other parts of the body (staging). The following stages are used for adult primary liver cancer:
Cancer is found only in one part of the liver, but the cancer cannot be totally removed.
Cancer has spread through much of the liver or to other parts of the body, name secondary cancer.
Recurrent disease means that the cancer has come back (recurred) after it has been operated if you can stand a change for it which is slim. It may come back in the liver or in another part of the body.
Liver Cancer by stage
Liver Cancer for adult primary liver cancer depend on the stage of the disease the condition of the liver, and the patient's age and general health that is the others organ's "Qi" level. Standard treatment may be considered, based on its effectiveness in patients in past studies, or participation into a clinical trial. Many patients are not treated with standard therapy, and some standard treatments may have many more side effects than are desired.
Hepatocirrhosis(HC) is a chronic disease which affects the entire body. Its pathological features include degeneration, necrosis and regeneration of the hepatic cells; proliferation of hepatic fibrous tissue, and disturbance of the normal hepatic structure which lead to deformation and cirrhosis of the liver. Then the term HEPATOCIRRHOSIS is form.
Two ways in which cancer can involve the liver. The cancer can arise from the liver itself (primary livercancer) or it can spread to the liver from a primary tumor at another site (secondary, or metastasis, cancer).
In the UK, secondary liver cancer is about 28 times more common than primary liver cancer. Each year there are about 70,000 patients in the UK with secondary liver cancer and about 2,500 with primary liver cancer.
Primary liver cancer can arise from the liver cells themselves (hepatocellular carcinoma) or from the system of tubes that drains the bile from the liver (cholangiocarcinoma, gall bladder cancer). Most patients with primary liver cancer have suffered previously from liver disease such as chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis or, in the less developed world, been exposed to poisons .
Secondary (metastasis) cancer reaches the liver by spreading through the blood system from a primary tumor at a separate site. In about 50 percent of patients with metastasis liver cancer, the primary tumor is in the bowel (colon, rectum) or stomach. The other common primary sites are the breasts and lungs.
The symptoms of cancer involving the liver can include:
Tiredness. Loss of appetite. Nausea. Dragging sensation or heaviness felt up under the lower ribs on the right hand side of the body. Pain in the upper part of the belly. In the later stages, the skin can develop a yellowish tinge (jaundice) together with fevers and drenching sweats, particularly at night, water retention.
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