Best Treatment Option - Cluster headache is a neurological disease that known as “suicide headache”. This kind of disease is much more common than tension or migraine headaches. It is named as ‘cluster’ because it happens over a period of time. Person that suffers from cluster headache will experience one to three times per day during a period of time. Cluster headache can last for about two weeks to three months. They are more common in men than women. It can attack people at any age but usually it happened to adolescence and people in middle age. It tends to runs in families.
The traditional designation of cluster headache
The traditional designation of cluster headache as a vascular headache disorder is probably inappropriate; the vascular alterations that occur appear to be epiphenomenal, as they are in migraine, resulting from a primary CNS discharge. The hypothalamus may well be the site of such activation, containing posterior cells that regulate autonomic functions and anterior nuclei that serve as the major circadian pacemaker in mammals (Moore-Ede et al, 1983), both of which are necessary to explain the clinical symptoms and the uncanny periodicity of cluster headache attacks. The biologic clock is serotonergically modulated (Mason, 1986) and is connected anatomically to the eye (Sadun et al, 1984). The effectiveness of the drugs in the treatment of the cluster headache syndrome enhance serotonergic neuro-transmission, as also occurs in the treatment of migraine. This suggests that unstable serotonergic neuro-transmission, at different loci, maybe common to both disorders. In this section, we will review, among other data, the evidence supporting the tantalizing speculation that the cluster headache syndrome may be the result of an antidromically discharging biologic pacemaker.
Cluster Headache Symptoms
Cluster headache occurs in a sudden and severe. It usually attacks after 2 or 3 hours you wake up from sleep. The pain occurs on the one side of your head. The pain can be described as steady, burning and penetrating.
The pain occurs only around, in, and behind one eye. It not changes. It may spread to the forehead, cheek, nose, temple, or the upper gum of the affected side. The pain may getting worse quickly and reached peak levels within 5 to 10 minutes. The strongest pain may take place until 30 minutes to 2 hours.
Beside eye, nose also affected. The visible symptoms are such as:
• Excessive of tearing.
• The eye always looks red.
• There are swellings around or under the eye. Both eyes can be affected.
• Face looks red and flushed.
• Suffer from runny nose or one-sided stuffy nose.
• Always looking restlessness.
• Face looks pallor and sweaty.
• Pupil size reducing.
• Eyelid droops. .
Cluster Headache Causes
Actually, the exact causes of cluster headache are still unknown. But, according to many expert opinions, cluster headache may be related to the body’s sudden release of serotonin or histamine. It generally not associated with triggers such as stress, foods or hormonal changes like tension and migraine headache.
Below are the triggers that believed may lead to cluster headache:
• Cigarette smoking.
• High altitudes such as air travelling or trekking.
• Cocaine intake.
• Exposed to strong heat like hot bath or hot weather.
• Exposed to bright light including the sweltering sunlight.
• Certain medications.
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